The requirements for adoptive parents will vary between adoption agency and adoption professionals in some ways, but many have common denominators of what is required. It is important to know that eligibility requirements for adoptive parents and who can apply for their adoption program varies greatly by type of adoption, state, or country.
Here are a few requirements you may see, but they will always vary by program, state, country, and type of adoption:
- Both adoptive parents must be no more than 40 years of age
- Adoptive parents must not be 40 years older than the child will be adopted
- Couple must be married for at least 1 year
- Be healthy
- Be unable to conceive a child on your own
- Adoptive parents must be physically and emotionally healthy
- Adoptive parents must be able to provide a child a safe environment and loving home to move forward in the adoption process.
- Adoptive parents must have a suitable home with room for a child.
- At least one spouse must be employed with sufficient funds and income to support a child.
- Adoptive parents cannot have a criminal record or any child abuse allegations in your past.
- No more than one child in the home already
All adoption professionals have different requirements, but all require couples to have a home study background check done before they can adopt a child and bring one into their home, whether it be a public agency, private or independent adoption. Adoptive parents must go through the two parts of an adoption home study and pre-placement home study visit as well as multiple post placement visits after they are home. These are typically completed prior to being able to finalize an adoption.